If you ask the average person about some of the important marine disasters, with a probability of 99% you will call “Titanic.” Yes, it was a terrible crash. But in history there have been disasters is much larger and more tragic. In this article, we will tell only about some of them.
“Mont Blanc”, 6 December 1917.
This terrible story began November 25, 1917, when the ship “Mont Blanc” stood up for loading at the port of new York. On it were loaded liquid and dry picric acid — 2300 tons; TNT — 200 tons, guncotton 10 tons of benzol in barrels — 35 tons. The ship went to Bordeaux, and the intermediate point in the itinerary was the canadian city of Halifax. At about 7 a.m. on 6 December 1917, the Mont Blanc began to enter the port. At the same time from the port began to enter a Norwegian steamer “IMO”. When vessels approached, the two captains began to make risky maneuvers, and as a result IMO rammed the Mont Blanc on the starboard side. The ship started a fire that led to the explosion, causing the port and much of the city was completely destroyed. About 2 000 people were killed under the rubble of buildings and started after the explosion fires. Approximately 9 000 people were injured, 400 people have lost their sight. The explosion of the ship “Mont Blanc” is considered the most powerful types of cell explosion era.
“Oriana”, 14 February 1944.
In the fall of 1943, after Italy’s exit from the war and failed Dodecanessos operations of the allies, the Germans were transported by sea to mainland Greece, tens of thousands of Italian prisoners of war. Oriana was one of the vessels engaged to transport the Italian prisoners of war. 11 February 1944 the ship left the island of Rhodes, heading to Piraeus, having on Board Italian prisoners of war 4046 (161 3885 officers and soldiers) and 90 of the Germans. The next day the boat because the storm changed course and ran into rocks off the island of Patroklos at Cape Sounion, Attica, and sank. Vessels were able to approach the crash site the next day, managed to save 21 Italians, 6 Germans and 1 Greek. Everyone else, 4074 people were killed.
“Dona Paz”, 25 December 1987.
Passenger ferry “Dona Paz” twice a week followed the route Manila—Catbalogan—Tacloban and back. December 20, 1987 at about 22:30 when most of the passengers were asleep, “Dona Paz” collided with the tanker “Vector”, which went from Bataan in Masbat. On the “Vector” was 8,800 barrels of gasoline and other petroleum products. When confronted they all spilled out of the tanker and caught fire. Survivors recounted that they had heard the crash and explosion, which caused panic on the ferry. Trying to escape, people were forced to jump overboard of the ferry, where the water surface was burning the spilled fuel. “Dona Paz” was sunk in two hours after the collision, the tanker “Vector” — in four hours. Both vessels sank in the Strait Tabletscom full of sharks. The crew of the tanker “Vector” consisted of 13 people on the ferry “Dona Paz” was 58 crew members and 4341 passenger. After the disaster alive from the water was extracted only 26 people. The final number of the victims amounted to 4386 people.
“Jin yuan” and “Taiping”, November 27, 1949.
The evening of November 26, 1949, the Chinese passenger steamer “Taiping” left Shanghai and headed for the Taiwanese port of Kowloon. The ship was crowded with refugees who were on the island of Taiwan fleeing from the people’s liberation army of China. At night, the weather deteriorated, the heavy rain started. Around midnight, near the Zhoushan Islands, in conditions of poor visibility Taiping collided with the cargo ship “Jin yuan” carrying coal. Both vessels sank quickly: “Jin yuan” almost instantly, “Taiping” — after 15-20 minutes. Nearby the Australian destroyer “Warramunga” hastened to the rescue, but was able to lift out of the water a total of 36 people. How many people died in fact, is unknown, as adopted by the Board of refugees actually no one believed. In different sources the numbers from 1000 to 1600 people despite the fact that the ship was designed only for 580 people.
“Wilhelm Gustloff” on 30 January 1945.
Desyatiballnoy passenger cruise liner “Wilhelm Gustloff” like many other ships in 1944-1945 were involved in “operation Hannibal”. In the framework of this operation from East Prussia were evacuated by sea nearly 2 million people. They were all refugees, who feared the approaching red Army. On her last voyage of the “Wilhelm Gustloff” began to take on Board refugees on 22 January 1945. The ship, designed for 1,500 passengers were literally Packed with people. According to current estimates there were at least 10 500 people. About nine o’clock the Soviet submarine s-13 came from the shore, where it was least to be expected, and, from a surface position, with the distance less than 1000 m in 21:04 released the first torpedo with the inscription “For the Motherland”, and then two more — “the Soviet people” and “For Leningrad”. “Wilhelm Gustloff” sank completely about an hour after the attack. Arrived on the scene and rescue ships managed to rescue about a thousand people.
“Kiangya”, 3 December 1948.
The ship “Kiangya” was carrying refugees fleeing the civil war in China. Officially registered passengers on Board had to be about 2 000 people. However, according to eyewitnesses, in fact they were so much more. The ship was slow with a large Overdrive. Near Shanghai “Kiangya” bumped into marine mine having a serious hole. A large number of victims of this tragedy due to the fact that within hours of the court nearby just didn’t know about the disaster. When they arrived to rescue survivors, remove from the water is from 700 to 1,000. According to various sources the number of dead in the crash “Kiangya” was from 2700 to 3900 people.