Universal cheap labor – what could be worse? No matter how we compared prices and taxes, it still shows that we pay at home, “average hospital” a multiple lower than in those countries with which we used to compete and feel equally as great and raw military power. At par in 2016, the average monthly salary in Russia was 8 times lower than in USA, five times less than in Germany, 1.5 – 1.9 times than in the Czech Republic, Latvia and Lithuania (Rosstat, OECD, IMF).
You can’t be cheap. It is impossible to underestimate the work teacher, engineer, or the village postman, receiving 3 – 4 thousand roubles. When high school teacher from the province dreams of 20 thousand rubles in a month is 12 thousand, it is a shame and creates a circle of despair – the poor performance, the poorest education, and the feeling that one cannot get out. No desire to work, because a better still will not. Not if in Azov at the hospital the salary of the doctor of ambulance – 8010 RUB, doctor – anaesthetist – 8300 RUB, pediatrician – 7800 RUB., midwife – 7800 RUB (Jobs from 1 September 2017 )
And even in the pocket will in two to three times more due moonlighting, overtime, allowances and bonuses, but it’s still very little wear on it. Underrated work creates misery in the minds, in the quality of life and even more in the future of society. And he is one of the reasons of blossoming of the shadow economy, whose share, according to various estimates, from a quarter to half of Russia’s GDP.
There is a huge difference in wages across the country, even where people do the same. Average nominal wage in June 2017 in Moscow – 86,5 thousand rubles, St. Petersburg – 57,4 thousand rubles, in Tambov region– 25,7 thousand RUB, the Orel – 26.5 thousand rubles., Ivanovo – 25, 5 thousand RUB.
In 2016, employees of municipal kindergartens in Russia on average received 26.6 thousand rubles, Moscow is 47.5 thousand rubles, Petersburg (city) – 45.8 thousand rubles, Pskov oblast is 16.9 thousand RUB School teachers (public schools) in Russia on average earned 29,4 thousand roubles, in Moscow – 67 thousand roubles, Petersburg – 47,5 thousand RUB (city), Pskov oblast – 20.3 thousand rubles (Rosstat, Results of the Federal statistical observation in the sphere of remuneration of certain categories of workers of social sphere and science for Jan-Dec 2016).
This is an absurd existence, when the whole of Russia, through its many settlements, in a huge number of low budget families have to spin out of working day to Supplement the family.
But, maybe salaries are lower because the regions prices are lower? Not so. Life in Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod Moscow is cheaper than just 18 – 19%. In Pskov the average price below 26 cents, than in Moscow. Azov – 27 COP, in the Tambov region – on 32 kopecks., in Yelets – 36 kopecks.
And so everywhere, except “North”. But wages are much lower!
No one will ever be able to explain why in apparel manufacturing wages in the national average is 15.2 thousand rubles. per month, shoes of 21 thousand rubles., if the average for Russia – 41,6 thousand rubles (in 2016)? And why when the economic boom in the agricultural sector wages are only 24 thousand. And how can it be that in veterinary medicine, very popular, have to 23.4 thousand rubles. per month, and in the “reproduction of recorded media” – 102 thousand rubles.? And isn’t it strange that in machine production – bread industry – the average salary is reduced to 28.1 per thousand. Regional and branch deformation, according to Rosstat, is huge. Scientist in Pskov gets almost three times less than in Moscow.
But is it only the market adjusted? The salary really feel the breath of the state, where up to 60% of the economy in his hands. Exchange rate, fiscal, credit, interest rate policies is directly reflected in salaries. In the public sector increases the trend to the actual reduction of salaries due to the increase in norms of workload and commercialization of services previously provided by the government free of charge. At the level of “macro” are the endless conversations about the fact that wage growth causes inflation. Or that first, labour productivity followed, with a lag, wages. In 1995 – 2000, Russia’s GDP grew at face value in 60 times, and the payment of employees in 63 times. In 2000 – 2016, the GDP has increased 12-fold and wages – 14. But if you think about it, it’s a pittance, won a quarter of a century the population in the transition from an administrative economy with cheap, fixed labor, generative bondage, to the farm, where nothing is more expensive than the value of human time. And if there is this transition when so much of a difference in income?
The economy is measured only in growth, technology, barrels and tons of non – human ones. The economy, which one hundred years on the first line of the mega-projects and concrete strain. Agriculture, endlessly tightening resources in the capital, violates the rules of morality.
We need the economy and politics of the expensive skilled labor which quality will kill your price. The German model of social market economy? Czech – on approach to it? Or even Scandinavian, grown from poverty, harsh climate, but affects the value of work – in the quality and how expensive it is and how popular in the world.